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FLUTD-Feline lower urinary tract disease
. Some of the signs and symptoms associated with cat FLUTD include
  • bloody urine(you can put toilet paper or other paper in the litter box if used to see if you see traces of blood),
  • straining to urinate
  • frequent voiding of small amounts of urine
  • not using the litterbox but in unusual places such as sink or bathtub or just around the house(because of the urge to urinate
  • more frequent urinating
  • or trying to urinate and can't
  • lick their genital area excessively

    Different causes of FLUTD can be Bacterial infection.
    Urolithiasis (bladder stones).
    Viral Infection.
    Tumours (cancer).
    Abnormalities in the anatomy of the urinary system.
    Physical injury.
    Blocked urethra.*

    Us animal nutritionals of vermont
    "Diet plays a role in the pathophysiology and treatment of at least two lower urinary tract diseases in cats, urolithiasis and interstitial cystitis. Urolithiasis seems to be a diet sensitive disease, in which an intrinsic susceptibility in the patient is exposed by provocative nutrients. Patients with interstitial cystitis are unusually susceptible to changes in their environment, one of which may be abrupt diet changes. Increasing water intake to dilute urine and increase frequency of urination are important parts of treatment of both diseases."...This does not mean that diets ever needed to contain large amounts of magnesium and produce alkaline urine, or that previous formulations were superior to current ones, only that the potential risks as well as benefits of large-scale modifications of diets are quite difficult to assess. There still is no compelling epidemiological evidence to permit one to conclude whether the diet modifications of the 1980s were a net asset or liability. Finally, the recent increase in the number of veterinary foods has permitted the observation that diet changes may be stressful to some cats, and may result in recurrence of signs of a lower urinary tract disease. ""
  • FUS/FLUTD-feline urologic syndrome-THE OLD TERM- feline lower urinary tract disease-THE NEW TERM
  • Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease-Cornell
    "Idiopathic Lower Urinary Tract Disease Although cats with lower urinary tract disease behave in similar ways, the potential causes are multiple. Urinary tract infections (bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and perhaps viral), urinary stones, urethral plugs, cancer, and other disorders can affect the lower urinary tract of the cat. Unfortunately, in spite of extensive diagnostic tests, the cause of over half of the cases of feline lower urinary tract disease remains elusive; such disorders are called idiopathic feline lower urinary tract disease (IFLUTD).
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    Cats suffering from IFLUTD make frequent attempts to urinate, probably as a result of bladder discomfort, and often are found to have blood in their urine. Dietary management (see below) has reduced the likelihood that cats with IFLUTD will develop a urethral obstruction, but there is no evidence that these "special" diets have reduced the incidence of idiopathic feline lower urinary tract disease itself. "
    Homeopathic Care for Cats and Dogs:...
  • What is fus
  • Cystitis in Cats (FLUTD)
    What is Cystitis?
    What are the Symptoms?
    What is the Cause?
    How is it Investigated?
    How is it Treated?
    What is the Outlook for Affected
    The article states that "Obesity. Neutering., Low water consumption,. Feeding dry cat food,. Feeding very frequently., Lack of exercise,. Living indoors.,"increases the risk of flutd
  • Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease
    Holly Frisby, DVM

    "What causes FLUTD? Several factors can contribute to this disease including bacterial or viral infections, trauma, crystals in the urine, bladder stones, tumors of the urinary tract, and congenital abnormalities. In many cases the cause is never discovered. Factors that may contribute to development of FLUTD include:
    Not drinking enough water
    A diet high in magnesium or other minerals
    Too much acidity or alkalinity of the urine
    Calicivirus as a possible cause of urinary tract disease (FLUTD/FUS): "GENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A FELINE CALICIVIRUS ISOLATED FROM URINE FROM A CAT WITH IDIOPATHIC LOWER URINARY TRACT DISEASE." $5,428. John M. Kruger, DVM, PhD; Aivars Vilnis, PhD; Roger K. Maes, DVM, PhD; Cheryl Rice, DVM; Michigan State University.

    Idiopathic cystitis (IC) is the single most important cause of frequent and painful urination, bloody urine, and inappropriate urination in male and female cats. It affects the urinary bladder and urethra (the lower urinary tract) of cats and is sometimes referred to as FLUTD/FUS. The researchers estimate that this disorder affects nearly a half a million cats annually. Despite extensive study, the specific underlying cause(s) of idiopathic cystitis remain(s) unknown.

    Microscopic evidence suggests that a virus, known as feline calicivirus, may have a causative role in this disease. In 1998, the researchers isolated a calicivirus from urine obtained from a cat with IC. Genetic analyses, funded by the Winn Foundation, indicated that this isolate was distinct from other calicivirus. They have now isolated a second urine calicivirus from an affected cat. It is unknown whether these urine caliciviruses cause IC or merely represent coincidental shedding of a respiratory or vaccine strain of calicivirus. Through further genetic analysis, the researchers will learn whether the second urine calicivirus isolate is related to the first urine isolate or to other feline calicivirus. If these urine caliciviruses are unique, and if subsequent investigations can establish a cause-and-effect relationship with idiopathic cystitis, then specific diagnostic tests, antiviral drugs, and/or more effective calicivirus vaccines could be developed to treat idiopathic cystitis or FLUTD.

    Continuation of grant first awarded in 1999.


  • Lower Urinary Tract Diseases
    The term feline lower urinary tract diseases (FLUTD) covers a spectrum of clinical conditions that give rise to a similar set of clinical signs. The clinical signs associated with FLUTD include:
    urination in inappropriate places in the owner’s home
    urinary obstruction in some cases.
  • flutd overview
  • Flutd from fabcats cover