|These health links and tidbits are feline - cat - specific--please check the other categories at the left for more specific writeups on health conditions such as flutd, pkd, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic renal failure, megacolon, hyperthyroidism and feline cancer. |
I have had cats for most of my life I just paid attention to loving my cats -never
worried about their health, diet or how much they much they drank-they lived long lives.
The only basic I have learned about kitty cats is that you can't give them enough love.
If you cat is prone to illness, switching to high quality food helps immensely. Anything that supports their immune system. Shallow glass water dishes are the safest. Who would ever have thought that plastic being hard to clean might create the feline acne seen in some cats? Who would have thought that some of those imported ceramic dishes would have toxins leech into the water? or metallic bowls give the water a tainted taste besides also getting into the water? or distilled water eliminating vital minerals?
Dogs fast when sick
How many of us know that kitty cats can get fatty liver disease, especially if they are obsese if they skip a few meals?
.A list of discount vet pharmacies can be found by clicking here
Does your cat need to be retrained to use the litter box? One possible way of doing it is buying Nature's Miracle or XO to remove the smell. Then buy Cat Attract (I bought it from amazon.com which is a special litter with an ingredient that attracts cats. Also buy No Go which I also bought at amazon.com and spray a light layer on the carpets to repel your kitty cat from eliminating on the sprayed areas. I also use Carpet Fresh is a self drying foam which supposedly encapsulates and dissolves the odors.
-Cats evolved from the desert and have the ability to retain water as form of adaptation to desert conditions. How many of us at first just use the convenience of dry food-processed at that? Logic would dictate that because of this diet and cat's propensity to retain bodily fluids it is no wonder that so many kitty cats wind up with renal problems!ps my vet said there are many cats who have lived on dry food and reached ripe old ages-he added who knows maybe they would have lived to be 25! Frightening to read how renal disease is like a stealth fighter plane-usually you don't find out about the damage until it is too late-Finally found something on net that is strongest statement re dry food and idiopathic cystitis-(Yuki gets recurrent urinary infections and it appears that olive leaf extract works as well as antibiotics).
Feline Nutrition Update Vincent Biourge France
Superior detailed article on nutrition-a must read...mentions interesting tidbits..ie cats in wild get vitamin D from their prey and not from sunbathing;"High fat, low carbohydrate diets commonly improve the condition of feline patients suffering chronic diarrhea and most “premium” diets are formulated accordingly....If cats are offered a highly palatable, high fat, diet-free choice, they tend to overeat, especially if they are neutered..Thus while the cat appears to have evolved as a strict carnivorous, there is no nutritional basis for precluding a portion of the energy in the diet being supplied from carbohydrates, provided needs for all other nutrients are met.... Studies designed to evaluate if high levels of vitamin A could be associated with health problems in queens showed that cats were quite resistant to vitamin A toxicity. "
Natalie wrote the following :
"I can tell you that the single most important thing you can do for a CRF kitty is make sure their phosphorous is at or slightly below 4. You can order Basaljel (a popular aluminum hydroxide phosphorus binder in gel caps) from Canada. They don't make it here in the US anymore, but it's also very inexpensive in Canada - even with shipping. It binds phosphorous in the gut (you give with food) and is eliminated as bodily waste. You'd also want to minimize intake of sodium and magnesium. Calcium and vitamin D are another thing to watch, as CRF kitties can get an overabundance of calcium in their systems and suffer from calcification of soft muscle tissue if it gets too high. If you need Basaljel, Pet Pharm (http://www.petpharm.org) is an Ontario, Canada mail order pet pharmacy."
large writeup on diabetes
Diet—Feline Some recent evidence suggests that high protein rather than high fiber diets may be more useful in cats with diabetes. Ongoing studies suggest that such diets (canned kitten diets) result in a decrease in insulin dosage and even remission of the diabetes. This may be due in part to the high protein requirement of cats coupled with the high CHO content of most commercial cat foods.
"the exclusive consumption of dry food--regardless of composition or effect on urine pH--is a common historical finding in cats with idiopathic cystitis."Another great article at the Newman Vet site re early detection of renal problems is hereOne reads and reads about renal disease and hardly ever sees mention about water intake
How much we take for granted until something goes wrong!
"The prevalence of hyperthyroidism in pet cats (benign nodular hyperplasia) has reached epidemic proportions, since it was first described in 1979. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that consumption of canned foods compared with dry foods increases the risk of hyperthyroidism. Furthermore, the risk associated with lower iodine concentrations in canned foods and chemicals in can linings was evaluated."
Endocrine disrupters in food can linings and the environment may explain the recent epidemic of hyperthyroidism in cats, since easy-open cans have gained popularity. This same relationship should also be evaluated in humans.
My Snowy, prolapse king had major constipation problems-probably related to his having feline herpes virus and poor immune system-(three surgeries-two major-just adding flaxseed and cottage cheese(contains probiotics to restore healthy Flora to his digestive system-which was probably destroyed by all the antibiotics he was given-for past month, has turned him into a "regular" kitty cat! SAY GOOD BYE TO PETROMALT-at least for now-psyllium, slippery elm, pumpkin didn't remedy the problem.
the many products KVVET sells, Maxi/guard oral gel is one of them. Oral gel
for cats' dental needs. Read a recent research study strongly suggesting
might help for stomatatis, gingivitis,oral ulcers, problems associated with
feline herpes Clinical and microbiological effects of oral zinc ascorbate gel in cats.
The Cat Sack is a gentle restrain for cats that are hard to give medication to.
click here for the best article I have read on FLUTD-(..Superior article on urinary infections in cats- a must read although technical
mentions diet..change to wet food, mentions medications such as" N-acetyl glucosamine is the precursor of GAG. It can be given as different food supplements. Preference: Cystease™ (Ceva Animal Health) 125 mg per cat PO q24 h. Pentosan polysulphate (Cartrophen™; Arthropharm Limited) is a semi-synthetic polymer that is given parenterally, by subcutaneous injection, 3 mg/kg on days 1, 2, 5, and 10, then every 5–10 days. ..Also, since FLUTD is usually self-limiting, many treatments may appear to be effective, when they actually have no positive effect. All treatments should therefore be considered with appropriate caution. I do have links to articles at Links to flutd-click here. As more drugs are tried, the list of those that are either unhelpful, or even harmful, is growing. Treatments that have been critically assessed include corticosteroids and antibiotics, and neither was found to have a positive effect." You should really print this one out for your vet! She also mentions eliminating stress and warns specifically of certain drugs "A number of drugs should never be given to cats, eg, the urinary tract antiseptic, methylene blue, and the urinary tract analgesic, phenazopyridine; both of which can result in severe Heinz body anaemia."
Dr.Belfield's article on urinary infections-mentions ash and CARPON-cranberry extract and success with flutd
|feline asthma||Feline asthma. Diagnosis and treatment "An important new development in our understanding of this disease is the occurrence of airway inflammation even when patients are symptom-free. It is therefore crucial that we direct our therapeutic attention toward the underlying chronic inflammation that causes the acute clinical signs of cough, wheeze, and increased respiratory effort."||Feline asthma syndrome:|
"Feline asthma syndrome (FAS) is a clinical condition characterised by recurrent bouts of coughing, wheezing and, or, dyspnoea."
Prednisolone alone was the most effective therapy, although avoidance of putative aeroallergens and antibacterial therapy was effective in some.
|feline asthma-MARVISTA VETS|
|what is asthma|
mentions drugs such as Cyproheptadine, Zamflurkast (Accolate
|asthma in cats||feline asthma||new ways to manage feline asthma||inhaled drugs for feline asthma|
|Articles by Dr.Margaret Muns |
she has wonderful forum at bestfriends.org
|Chronic Nasal Disease in Cats||feline diabetes||cat scratch in humans||cat constipation||Feline Inflammatory Bowel Disease-IBD|
lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis (LPE).
|Feline immunodeficiency virus status of Australian cats with
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of FIV infection was considerably higher in our cohort of cats compared with series of lymphosarcoma cases from the Northern hemisphere. A positive FIV status was strongly associated with lymphosarcoma in Australian cats and it is possible that this infection may predispose to the development of lymphoid neoplasia. The presence of FIV infection would have been underestimated if commercial kits alone had been used for serology
|viral diseases in felines|
|Ask Dr.Schoen - a holistic vet has articles such asWhat is Integrative Holistic Animal Health Care?Animal Massage: The Touch that Heals,Flower Essence Therapy: Fact or Fiction?,Feline Bladder Problems : An Integrated Approach,Botanical Medicine & Herbal Tonics for Pets,Echinacea & Other Herbal Immunostimulants for Pets,Food Allergies: The Natural ApproachMagnetic Therapy: Fact or Fiction?,Hopeful News for Degenerative Neurologic Diseases,Lyme Disease: Fact from Fiction,Natural Options for my Arthritic Dog!,Natural Options for Treatment of Cancer in Dogs and Cats, Natural Support for Heart Problems in Dogs and CatsSeizures in Dogs & Cats: An Integrative Approach Feline Upper Respiratory, Infections: An Integrative ApproachWinterizing your pets! What you can do!FIP,FIV|
|IBD-Dr. Muns, DVM||cornell IBD|
|DISEASES OF LOWER URINARY TRACT||CAT NUTRITION||Erythropoietin (Epogen, Marogen, Procrit)-chronic renal failure=helps treat anemia-read in another article it might help wasting(cachexia)|
| Cornell veterinary researchers start clinical trials of drug to combat feline anemia due to chronic
kidney failure and cancers
FOR RELEASE: May 29, 2001 |
The lives of cats suffering from nonregenerative anemia might be improved with the beginning of clinical trials of recombinant feline erythropoietin (rfEPO) developed by Cornell University veterinary researchers. Nonregenerative anemia is the failure of bone marrow to produce red blood cells as a result of chronic renal disease, certain types of cancer and other chronic diseases. " Lymphosarcoma, or cancer of lymphoid tissue, is one of the most common feline cancers. Special diets and phosphate binders are prescribed by veterinarians as a medical management strategy for renal failure to prolong cats' lives for months or years -- unless anemia becomes a problem. Similarly, chemotherapy for lymphosarcoma can result in remission and allow survival for six to 12 months -- without the complications of anemia. "
|Dr Addie-a must read!|
a lecturer in Veterinary Clinical Virology -spent the last 13 years researching feline infectious peritonitis
treatment can occasionally effect a remission, sometimes for months. "Because FIP is an immune mediated disease, therapy includes suppressing the immune response, usually with corticosteroids. Anti-viral treatments alone don't usually prolong the cat's life by much and many are quite toxic to cats. It is also important to maintain the cat's general nutrition status, by adding vitamins and antioxidants. Before embarking on any of the following therapies, it is essential to ensure that the diagnosis is correct, immunosuppressive drugs could markedly worsen other conditions
|How to prevent feline coronavirus and latest research|
|diet for CRF||TAURINE||TOMATO-" However, most people, including veterinarians, are unaware that tomato, as a member of the Nightshade family, contains a bitter poisonous alkaloid called "Solanine". Solanine is toxic to humans as well, but it requires a much more concentrated amount, like that found in green potatoes and potato sprouts, to induce sickness. For the carnivore cat, on the other side, traces of Solanin, like those found in just a 100g of cherry tomatoes, can be fatal! "||FELV|
|Exhaustive list of feline health LINKS||ANOTHER GREAT SITE FOR FELINE HEALTH LINKS||Long Beach Animal|
|FATE Feline Aortic Thromboembolism "saddle" thrombus " What causes FATE? All types of feline heart cardiomyopathy are typified by left atrial enlargement. As the atrium enlarges, blood flow becomes sluggish and promotes the formation of intracardiac thrombi. These clots are pumped out into the aorta and usually lodge in the terminal aorta. Cats with FATE present for acute rear limb paralysis or paresis."|
|holistic cat constipation||feline first aid|
|feline diabetes||nutrition-HDW||" hairballs||FLUTD|
|Living with the FeLV+ or FIV+ Cat||cat nutrition||CORNELL|
|cat anorexia||feline epilespy||heartwormsociety|
|feline epilepsy||feline leukemia||Feline hip dysplasia|
|Hip dysplasia: a feline population study.|
There were 684 cats from 12 breeds. The data derived from this study indicate the frequency of feline hip dysplasia in this population to be about 6.6% (45/684) and that the incidence appears to be breed dependent. Also, the radiographic appearance of hip dysplasia in cats is different than in dogs. A shallow acetabulum with remodeling and proliferation involving the cranio-dorsal acetabular margin were the most common radiographic signs. Minimal remodeling of the femoral neck was seen.
|Radiographic features of feline joint diseases.|
There is a growing awareness that osteoarthritis occurs more frequently than previously anticipated in cats, and recently we have seen the emergence of hip dysplasia as an entity of concern in some purebred cats. There are also several poorly understood conditions that affect the joints of cats, such as synovial osteochondromatosis, that invite further study. In recent years we have seen an expansion in the knowledge of immune-mediated and infectious arthropathies and their inter-relationship with infective agents.
|pet arthritis center-huge site devoted to the topic|
Polycystic Kidney Disease
|alternative for arthritis treatment-warning re Tylenol (acetaminophen). buprofen (Advil, Motrin etc.) or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, (NSAIDS).|
|pain control in cats|
mentions how felines
can hide intense pain
|pdk in persians|
|feline elipepsy and seizures|
|FELV-AWESOME!!!!personal siteFeline Leukemia (FeLV)-treatment||tuna?sardines?|
a walk through
Chronic Renal Failure |
site for Cats-awesome
|cats' eyes||holistic cat constipation||
|Strombecks home cooked recipes for kidney disease||Hepatic lipidosis|
danger if cat stops eating
|feline renal failure |
|holisticat cat |
SURVEY OF VETS
|FIV diet-herbal etc|
The Natural Remedy Book
For Dogs & Cats" by Diane Stein
|The Texas A&M University System.-faq fiv||Cat virus that doesn't kill|
|Article from Jean Hofve,DVM|
mentions dry food and renal problems
|use search |
However, keep in mind...as environmental exposure to FIP from shedding animals appears to represent a minor or inconsequential source of acquired FIP
Massive doses of interferon may help some severely debilitated cats...though effusive FIP has been much more difficult to treat.
|herpesHerplex® (idoxuridine), interferon and lysine||diet hypersensivity|
FELINE SYMMETRICAL ALOPECIA
facial and neck pruritis localised or generalised scales or crusts miliary dermatitis symmetrical or localised areas of alopecia - do a search of the site as pages seem to change
derm. lecture..for vets
|CHEYLETIELLA MANGE MITE INFESTATION|
lysine?Oral interferon, acyclovir
|Animal Protection Institute-search the site for all sorts of articles such as feline vaccination guidelines||more re herpes
get rid of stress-
herpes General UVEITIS, CORNEAL ULCERS, GLAUCOMA, OCULAR FOREIGN BODY INJURIES, CATARACTS, CORNEAL SEQUESTRUM, FELINE CONJUNCTIVITIS AND KERATITIS, FELINE HERPES VIRUS, CORNEAL ULCERS, GLAUCOMA, . OCULAR FOREIGN BODY INJURIES,
|feline help di-rectory
||colstate-notice re antiobiotics-fhv||cat nutrition||Feline Aids-personal page filled with supplements||wholistic feline-Shirley's wellness cafe-excellent|
|Dr. Pollack-nutrition||catnetwork-||feline vaccinations||heel products-grippheel traumeel||holistic cat coughing etc|
|FIV-lactoferrin-intractable stomatitis-research||alt med research articles||white cats and deafness||marvista-upper feline respiratory|
|plasmacytic lymphocytic stomatitis (PLS) -"the problem is that the cat over reacts to the plaque on the teeth and an "autoimmune" response occurs" Feline Faucitis "Feline faucitis syndrome is a chronic severe inflammatory response of the back of the mouth caused by a Calici virus. Cats with feline faucitis have throats that are fire engine red with ugly proliferative tissue resembling raspberries"-the article also mentions Omega 3's as antiinflammatory and interferon -the vet recommends tests for CBC/Biochemical Profile/UA Retrovirus tests (Feleuk/FIV) Corona virus (FIP) vetdetistry||Risk Of Feline
In Cats Naturally
-Plasmacytic Gingivitis Stomatitis (LPGS)
|Risk of FIP
Risk Of Feline Infectious
Peritonitis In Cats Naturally Infected With Feline Coronavirus
|consil- " Consil is a synthetic bioactive ceramic material, which bonds to bone as well as soft tissue, and can even regenerate bone in periodontal pockets. "|
|Eosinophilic Granuloma||marvista-eosinophilic granuloma.||feline skin problems|
|feline leukemia||practical approach to feline housesoiling|
|Dr.Jeff's favorite supplements||genetics of immunity|
tips for recognizing immune difficulties
|fading kitten syndrome|
" If a queen with type B blood is bred to a type A tom and produces kittens of type A, these antibodies in the colostrum (first milk) of the mother will cause destruction of red blood cells in the kittens. These kittens are born healthy, and may have red-brown colored urine within hours of their first nursing"
|fading kitten syndrome|
It behooves breeders to consider not breeding a type B female, because they're going to have to find a type B male to breed with her all the time," she said. "The more often you breed a type B mother, the more you're increasing the pool of type B cats and hence the risk of future disease."
|Feline cardiomyopathies||managing pain in felines|
|Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (hcm||FIP||HCM|
|Thyroid Cat|| feline |
|Feline hyperthyroidism search for the article||feline hyperthyroidism|
"This painless alternative to radical thyroid surgery is stress free, and is regarded as over 95% effective in COMPLETELY curing the cat!"
|pkd links-polycystic kidney disease-especially in Persians|
superior personal site!
treatmental and alternative treatment
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of environmental management alone on marking frequency in cats with urine marking and to obtain demographic data on cats with urine marking and data on owner-perceived factors that contributed to urine marking behavior. DESIGN: Single-intervention study. ANIMALS: 40 neutered male and 7 spayed female cats. PROCEDURE: During a 2-week baseline phase, owners maintained a daily record of the number of urine marks. This phase was followed by a 2-week environmental management phase during which owners cleaned recently deposited urine marks daily, scooped waste from the litter box daily, and changed the litter and cleaned the litter box weekly while continuing to record urine marks. RESULTS: Male cats and cats from multicat households were significantly overrepresented, compared with the general pet cat population in California. The most commonly mentioned causative factors for urine marking were agonistic interactions with other cats outside or inside the home. Environmental management procedures resulted in an overall reduction in urine marking frequency. Among cats that marked > or = 6 times during the baseline phase, females were significantly more likely to respond to treatment (> or = 50% reduction in marking frequency) than were males. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results suggest that male cats and cats from multicat households are more likely to exhibit urine marking behavior than females and cats from single-cat households. Results also suggest that attention to environmental and litter box hygiene can reduce marking frequency in cats, regardless of sex or household status of the cats, and may come close to resolving the marking problem in some cats.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a readily available selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), fluoxetine hydrochloride, on reducing problem urine spraying in cats. DESIGN: Randomized placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial. ANIMALS: 17 neutered cats > 1 year old with objectionable urine spraying behavior. Procedure-Owners recorded urine-spraying events for 2 weeks (baseline). Cats that vertically marked a mean of > or = 3 times per week were treated for 8 weeks with fluoxetine or fish-flavored liquid placebo. If urine spraying was not reduced by 70% by weeks 4 through 5, the dosage was increased by 50% for weeks 7 and 8. After discontinuation of treatment at the end of 8 weeks, owners recorded daily urine marks for another 4 weeks. RESULTS: The mean (+/- SE) weekly rate of spraying episodes in treated cats was 8.6 (+/- 2.0) at baseline, decreased significantly by week 2 (1.7 +/- 0.6), and continued to decrease by weeks 7 and 8 (0.4 +/- 0.2). The mean weekly spraying rate of cats receiving placebo was 7.8 (+/- 1.5) at baseline, decreased only slightly during week 1 (5.5 +/- 1.8), and did not decline further. When treatment was discontinued after 8 weeks, the spraying rate of cats that had received treatment varied. The main adverse reaction to the drug was a reduction in food intake, which was observed in 4 of 9 treated cats. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Administration of fluoxetine hydrochloride for treatment of urine spraying in cats can be expected to considerably reduce the rate of urine marking. The frequency of spraying before treatment is predictive of the spraying rate when the drug is discontinued.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether changes in concentrations of hormones involved in glucose and fatty acid homeostasis are responsible for the increased probability that neutered cats will develop obesity and diabetes mellitus. ANIMALS: 10 male and 10 female weight-maintained adult cats. PROCEDURE: Results of glucose tolerance tests and concentrations of hormones and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) were examined before and 4, 8, and 16 weeks after neutering. RESULTS: Caloric requirements for weight maintenance were significantly decreased 8 and 16 weeks after neutering in females. Glucose concentrations during a glucose tolerance test did not change in neutered females or males. The area under the curve (AUC) for insulin was significantly higher in males, compared with females, before neutering. However, the AUC for insulin increased and was significantly higher 4 and 8 weeks after neutering in females. The AUC for insulin did not change in neutered male cats. Leptin concentrations did not change in females but increased significantly in males 8 and 16 weeks after neutering. Thyroxine concentrations did not change after neutering; however, free thyroxine concentration was significantly higher in females than males before neutering. Baseline concentrations of NEFA were significantly higher in female than male cats before but not after neutering. Suppression of NEFA concentrations after glucose administration decreased successively in male cats after neutering, suggesting decreased insulin sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Changes in NEFA suppression, caloric intake, and leptin concentrations may be indicators of, and possible risk factors for, the development of obesity in cats after neutering.